Nanjing (Southern Capital), along with Xi'an, Luoyang, Beijing, Anyang, Kaifeng, and Hangzhou, is the one of the seven historical capitals of China and used to be called "Jinling" in ancient times. Boasting a prestigious imperial past, serving as inspiration for many poets, the city of Nanjing is the place where you can get really close to history.
The city's representative flower is plum blossom and its tree being cedar. Why the plum blossom is selected as the city's flower is because it boasts five petals symbolizing the eternal unity of the five major nationalities such as Han, Manchu, Mongolia, Hui and Tibet. Others say plum blossom is the symbol of five blessings, such as appiness, luck, longevity, successfulness, and peace.
The city was first built in 472 BC. With the Yangtze River in the north side, and surrounded on the other three sides by hills, Nanjing was thought to be auspicious as well as strategically important. Built in the period 1366 to 1386, the perimeter of the city wall of Nanjing totals 33.4 kilometers, ranking number one in the world. Today, the city is the capital of Jiangsu Province, encompassing 6,421 square kilometers and with a population of over 5.37 million.
Nanjjing's industries include machine-building, automobile assembly, electronics, petroleum, iron and steel, textiles, shipbuilding and foodstuff. A double-tiered road and rail bridge, completed in 1968, span the Yangtze River in Nanjing.