Xi'an, in ancient times known as Chang'an, is situated in central China in the southern part of Guanzhong Plain in Shaanxi province, with the Qinling Mountains to the north and the Weihe River to the south.
For over 1,000 years the city has been capital for 13 dynasties, and a total of 73 emperors ruled here. With so much history within the ground the city lies upon, it's no wonder that there are so many historical ruins and, in the museums, cultural relics. Even before the lives of Christ, Mohammad, and Siddhartha, Xi'an was a world class city and already influencing the world outside of The Great Wall of China. It also was a major crossroads on the trading routes from eastern China to central Asia, and the beginning point of the famed Silk.
The main tourist attractions include the Stele Forest, Small Wild Goose Pagoda, Terra cotta Warriors and Horses, Famen Temple, Banpo Museum, Great Mosque, Maoling Mausoleum and QianLing Mausoleum.
In 1900s, as part of the economic revival of interior China, generally for the northwest regions and the central, Xi'an has re-emerged as an important cultural, educational and industrial center of the central-northwest region, with facilities for development and research, national security and space exploration program of China.